State Resolutions in Support of Amending the Constitution

Passed Resolutions

California

AJR 22. Assembly members Weickowski and Allen. Passed on July 7, 2012.  Expresses disagreement with the Citizens United ruling and calls on the United States Congress to pass a constitutional amendment. Click here for the full text of the resolution.

Colorado

Amendment 65. On November 6, 2012, Colorado became one of the first two states to endorse an amendment through a statewide vote. I-82 was passed by over 74% of voters in Colorado. Click here to view the initiative text.

Connecticut.

On May 1, 2012, Senator Slossberg and Representative Morin presented a letter signed by a majority of Connecticut House and Senate members calling on Congress to pass an amendment to overturn the U.S. Supreme Court’s Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission and related decisions. Click here to read the letter.

Delaware

On June 10, 2013, a bipartisan majority of both houses of Delaware’s General Assembly Members signed a letter calling on Congress to pass a constitutional amendment reversing the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. Click here to read the letter. 

Hawaii

HCR 282. Representative Herkes. Resolution passed on April 28, 2010.  Expresses disagreement with the Citizens United ruling and calls on the United States Congress to pass a constitutional amendment barring the use of "person" when defining "corporate entity." Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Illinois

SJR 27. Senators McConnaughay and Althoff. Introduced March 13, 2013. Urges Congress to adopt a constitutional amendment reversing the Citizens United v. FEC ruling and related cases by clarifying that corporations and other artificial entities are not people with constitutional rights, and that money is property, not speech, and therefore can be regulated. Passed Senate on 5/14/2013. Placed on Calendar Order of Resolutions in House on 5/23/13. Passed the house on 5/31/13. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Maine

SP 548. Senator Woodbury. Resolution passed on April 30, 2013. Joint resolution memorializing the United States Congress to pass a constitutional amendment to reverse the ruling of the United States Supreme Court in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. Click here to read the press release. 

Maryland

Senator Raskin presented a letter to the Maryland General Assembly on January 19, 2012.  The letter expresses the Maryland legislature's opposition to the Supreme Court’s decision on Citizens United and calls for a constitutional amendment. A majority of members in the House and Senate have signed the letter. Click here to read the letter.

Massachusetts 

S 772. Senator Eldridge. Resolution passed on July 26, 2012. Free Speech For People resolution calling on the United States Congress to pass and send to the states for ratification a constitutional amendment to restore the First Amendment and fair elections to the people. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Montana

I-166. On November 6, 2012, Montana became one of the first two states to endorse an amendment through a statewide vote. I-166, the Prohibition on Corporate Contributions and Expenditures in Montana Elections Act, was passed by 75% of voters in Montana. Click here to view the initiative text.

New Jersey

SR 47. Senator Van Drew and Senator Stack.  Resolution passed on October 4, 2012. Resolution expressing strong opposition to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Citizens United v. Federal Elections Commission, and calling upon Congress to propose amending the U.S. Constitution. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

New Mexico

HM 4. Representative Stewart. Passed on January 13, 2012. House Memorial calling on the US Congress to pass and send to the states for ratification a constitutional amendment to overturn the US Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens United v. FEC and to restore republican democracy to the people. Click here to read the text of HM4.

SM 3. Senator Fischmann. Passed on February 11, 2012. Senate Memorial calling on the US Congress to pass and send to the states for ratification a constitutional amendment to overturn the US Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens United v. FEC and to restore republican democracy to the people. Click here to read the text of SM3.

Oregon

HJM 6. Representatives Clem and Holvey. Passed July 1, 2013. Joint memorial urging Congress to pass and send to the state a Constitutional amendment clarifying the distinction between the rights of natural persons and the rights of corporations and other legal entities; and clarifying that Congress and state legislatures may regulate all moneys raised and spent for political purposes. Click here to read the text of HJM6. 

Rhode Island

S 2656. Senator Paiva Weed. Passed May 21, 2012. Joint resolution urging Congress to pass and send to the states a Constitutional amendment permitting state and federal regulation and restriction of independent political expenditures. Click here to read the text of S2656.

H 7899. Representative Fox. Passed in the House on May 30, 2012. Joint resolution urging Congress to pass and send to the states a Constitutional Amendment permitting state and federal regulation and restriction of independent political expenditures.Click here to read the text of H7899.

Vermont

JRS 11. Senator Lyons. Passed on April 19, 2012. Joint resolution urging the United States Congress to propose amendments to the United States Constitution for the states' consideration relating to contributions and expenditures intended to affect elections and relating to the rights of corporations. Click here for additional information, including the full text of the resolution.

West Virginia

SR 24. Senators Snyder and Kessler. Passed on April 13, 2013. Opposing the United States Supreme Court's interpretation of the Constitution in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission regarding the constitutional rights of corporations; supporting an amendment to the Constitution to provide that corporations are not entitled to the entirety of protections or rights of natural persons, specifically so that the expenditure of corporate money to influence the electoral process is no longer a form of constitutionally protected speech; and calling on Congress to begin the process of amending the Constitution. Click here to read the text of S.R. 24. 

Pending Resolutions

Alaska

HJR 8. Representative Gara. Referred to House State Affairs committee 2/15/13. Urging the United States Congress and the President of the United States to work to amend the Constitution of the United States to prohibit corporations, unions, and other organizations from making unlimited independent expenditures supporting or opposing candidates for public office. Click here to read the text of HJR 8. 

SJR 7. Senator Wielechowski. Urging the United States Congress and the President of the United States to work to amend the Constitution of the United States to prohibit corporations, unions, and individuals from making unlimited independent expenditures supporting or opposing candidates for public office. Click here to read the text of SJR 7. 

SJR 13. Senator Wielechowski. Passed on 3/21/2012. Joint resolution urging Congress and the President of the United States to work across party lines to propose a constitutional amendment to prohibit corporations, unions, and individuals from making unlimited independent expenditures supporting or opposing candidates for public office. Click here to read the text of SJR 13.

HJR 33. Representative Gara. Urging the United States Congress and the President of the United States to work to amend the Constitution of the United States to prohibit corporations, unions, and individuals from making unlimited independent expenditures supporting or opposing candidates for public office.HJR33 was referred to the Judiciary committee on 2/24/12. Click here to read the text of HJR33. 

Arizona

HCR 2018. Representative Davis. Introduced 1/30/2013. Supporting the right of Arizona's citizens to vote on whether to instruct their congressional representatives to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to repeal the Citizens United decision. Held in committees as of 1/31/2013. Click here to read the text of HCR 2018. 

HCR 2049. Representative Davis. Introduced 2/1/2012. Concurrent resolution urging the Arizona Legislature to support the inclusion on the November 2012 ballot of a proposal that would allow Arizona's citizens to instruct their Congressional representatives to propose an amendment that would repeal the Citizens United decision. Read in House on 2/2/12. Click here to read the text of HCR 2049.

SCR 1040. Senator Gallardo. Introduced 1/31/12. Supporting the right of Arizona's citizens to vote on whether to instruct their congressional representatives to propose an amendment to the United states constitution to repeal the Citizens United decision. Held in committees as of 1/31/12. Click here to read the text of SCR 1040.

Florida

SM 1576. Representative Braynon. Introduced 1/10/12. Urging Congress to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to restore the constitutional rights of the people to fair elections. Did not progress from Rules Subcommittee on Ethics and Elections as of 3/9/12. Click here to read the text of SM 1576.

HM 1275. Representative Williams. Introduced 1/10/12. Did not progress from Federal Affairs Subcomittee as of 3/9/12. Click here to read the text of HM 1275. 

Georgia

SR 410. Senators Orrock, Henson, Fort, Davenport, and Jackson. Introduced 2/23/2013. A resolution requesting that the United States Congress and the President of the United States work to amend the Constitution of the United States to prohibit corporations and other entities from making unlimited independent expenditures supporting or opposing candidates for public office; and for other purposes. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

HR 1377. Representatives Benfield. Introduced 2/15/2012. Resolution opposing the United States Supreme Court's decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission and urging the United States Congress to propose and send to the states for ratification an amendment to the United States Constitution to restore republican democracy to the people of the United States. Read in House 2/17/12. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

Idaho

HJM 12. Senator Kelly. Introduced 2/24/2010. Stating findings of the Legislature and urging the Congress of the United States to use all efforts, energies and diligence in applying the powers vested in the legislative branch to negate the harmful effects of the United States Supreme Court's decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. Referred to State Affairs committee on 2/25/10. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Iowa

SR 113. Senator Danielson. Introduced 2/23/12. Resolution urging Congress to enact campaign finance restrictions relating to Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. Passed the Senate on 3/13/2012. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

Illinois

SJR 27. Senator Delgado. Introduced 10/22/13. Makes application to Congress for the calling of a convention for proposing amendments to the United States Constitution. Placed on Calendar Order of Secretary's Desk Resolutions on 3/25/14. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Kansas

SCR 1607. Senator Holland. Introduced 3/8/12. Urging congress to amend the U.S. constitution to abolish corporate personhood. Did not progress from Committee on Ethics and Elections as of 6/1/12. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Kentucky

HCR 6. Representative Marzian. Introduced 1/8/2013. Urge Congress to propose an amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America to establish reasonable limits on contributions and expenditures in political campaigns and to prohibit noncitizen contributions and expenditures. Passed House Rules committee on 2/13/13. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

HR 14. Representative Rollins. Introduced 1/4/11. Urge the United States Congress to act to amend the United States Constitution to prevent corporate control of elections. Referred to Elections, Const. Amendments & Intergovernmental Affairs committee on 1/4/11. Resolution did not progress. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Minnesota

HF 276. Representatives Dehn, Hornstein, and Fischer. Resolution requesting Congress propose a constitutional amendment and if not, applying to Congress to call a constitutional convention to propose an amendment clarifying that the rights protected under the Constitution are the rights of natural persons and not artificial entities, and that spending money to influence elections is not speech under the First Amendment. Substituted for Senate bill, SF 17, on 5/6/2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

SF 17. Senators Marty, Dahle, Clausen, Eaton, and Dibble. Resolution requesting Congress to propose a constitutional amendment and, if Congress does not propose an amendment, applying to Congress to call a constitutional convention to propose an amendment clarifying the rights protected under the Constitution are the rights of natural persons and not the rights of artificial entities and that spending money to influence elections is not speech under the First Amendment. Passed Senate on 5/2/13. Referred to House Civil Law Committee on 5/8/2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

HF 3022. Representative Hilty. Introduced 4/23/2012. Resolution urging Congress to call a constitutional convention to propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States clarifying that the rights protected under the United States Constitution are the rights of natural persons and not the rights of artificial entities, and clarifying that campaign contributions to influence elections are not speech under the First Amendment. Referred to Rules and Legislative Administration 4/23/12. Click here to read the text of HF 3022.

HF 914. Representative Hilty. Introduced 3/7/11. Authors added to resolution 1/26/12. Defining the term "person" and constitutional amendment proposed. Referred to Civil Law committee on 3/7/11. Click here to read the text of HF 914.

SF 683. Senator Dibble. Introduced 3/9/11. Constitutional amendment to define person to mean natural person. Referred to Judiciary and Public Safety Judiciary and Public Safety 3/9/11. Click here to read the text of SF 683.

Mississippi

HC 108. Representative Evans. Introduced 4/5/12. Congress; urge to amend U.S. Constitution to prohibit corporations from having certain rights. Did not progress from Rules committee as of 5/3/12. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Missouri

HCR 38. Representative McCreery. Introduced on 2/14/2012. Concurrent resolution urging Congress to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to clearly state that corporations are not human beings and do not have the same rights as citizens of the United States. Referred to General Laws on 3/29/12. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Nebraska

LR 23. Senator Bill Avery. Introduced on January 17, 2013. LR 23 provides that the Legislature support an amendment to the United States Constitution that would clarify misinterpretations of the Constitution by actions of the United States Supreme Court that culminated in the Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission case. Hearing held March 7, 2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

Nevada 

SJR 11. Representatives Spearman, Jones, Parks, Diaz, Elliot, Anderson, Ohrenschall and Pierce. Introduced on 3/18/2013. Urges Congress to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to allow regulation of independent political expenditures by corporations. Referred to Committee on Legislative Operations and Elections. Click here to read the text of the resolution.  

New Hampshire

HCR 2. Representative Cushing. Introduced on 1/3/2013. Resolution requesting Congress to begin the process for a constitutional amendment establishing that human beings, not corporations, are entitled to constitutional rights. Passed the Federal Relations and Veterans Affairs Committee on 2/14/2013. Scheduled to be heard on the House floor 3/13/2013. In bi-partisan vote, New Hampshire State House passes HCR 2 on March 20, 2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

New York

AR 871. Assemblyman Brennan. Introduced on 3/7/2012. Resolution memorializing Congress to propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to provide that corporations are not entitled to the entirety of protections or "rights" of natural persons, specifically so that the expenditure of corporate money to influence the electoral process is no longer a form of constitutionally protected speech. Passed the New York State Assembly's Law Election Committee, awaiting floor vote. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

North Carolina 

HJR 171. Representatives Insko, Harrison, and Luebke. Introduced 2/27/2013. A joint resolution requesting that Congress propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to overturn the United States Supreme Court ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission concerning corporate campaign spending. Referred to the committee on Rules, Calendar, and Operations of the House on 2/28/2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

SJR 109. Senator Kinnaird. Introduced 2/19/2013. A joint resolution requesting that Congress propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to overturn the United States Supreme Court ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission concerning corporate campaign spending. Referred to committee on Rules and Operations of the Senate on 2/20/2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

HJR 1201. Representatives Insko, Rapp, Harrison, and Keever. Introduced 5/30/2012. A joint resolution requesting that Congress propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to overturn the United States Supreme Court ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission concerning corporate campaign spending. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

SJR 937. Senator Kinnaird. Introduced 5/30/2012. A joint resolution requesting that Congress propose an amendment to the United States Constitution to overturn the United States Supreme Court ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission concerning corporate campaign spending. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

Pennsylvania

HR 653. Representative Santarsiero. Introduced 3/9/10. A concurrent resolution petitioning the Congress of the United States to call a convention to amend the Constitution of the United States on the subject of election spending. Click here to read the text of HR 653.

SR 264. Senator Ferlo. Introduced 3/16/2012. Resolution opposing the majority opinion of the United Sates Supreme Court in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission and supporting the "Saving American Democracy Amendment" to the Constitution of the United States. Referred to State Government committee on 3/16/12. Click here to read the text of SR 264.

South Dakota

HCR 1018. Representative Iron Cloud. Introduced 3/9/2010. Expresses disagreement with the Citizens United ruling and calls on the United States Congress to pass a constitutional amendment. HCR 1018 failed to pass the House of Representatives on 3/10/2010. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

Texas

HJR 94. (Formerly HCR 25). Representative Burnam. Introduced 2/21/13. Urging Congress to call a convention to propose amendments to the United States Constitution to address concerns raised by the decision of the United States Supreme Court in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission and related cases and events. Referred to Federalism and Fiscal Responsibility Committee on 3/4/13. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

HR 230. Representative Strama. Introduced 1/28/2013. Expressing opposition to the United States Supreme Court decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission and urging the United States Congress to propose and send to the states for ratification an amendment to the United States Constitution restoring republican democracy to the people of the United States. Referred to Federalism and Fiscal Responsibility committee on 2/18/2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

SCR 2. Senator Ellis. Introduced 11/12/12. Urging the United States Congress to propose and submit to the states for ratification an amendment to the United States Constitution that overturns Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, establishing that the spending of money to influence elections shall not be construed as speech under the First Amendment, and clarifying that only natural persons are protected by constitutional rights. Referred to State Affairs committee on 1/29/13. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

HCR 21. Representative Thompson. Introduced 12/5/12. Urging the United States Congress to propose and submit to the states for ratification an amendment to the United States Constitution that overturns Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, establishing that the spending of money to influence elections shall not be construed as speech under the First Amendment, and clarifying that only natural persons are protected by constitutional rights. Referred to Federalism and Fiscal Responsibility Committee on 2/7/2013. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

Washington

SJM 8002. Senator Kline. Introduced 1/28/13. Requesting an amendment to the United States Constitution to return the authority to regulate election campaign contributions to congress and state legislatures. Public hearing in the Senate Committee on Governmental Operations held, 2/5/13. Click here to read the text of the resolution.

HJM 4001. Representative Pedersen. Introduced 1/31/13. Requesting an amendment to the United States Constitution to return the authority to regulate election campaign contributions to congress and state legislatures. Public hearing in House Committee on Government Operations and Elections to be held 2/13/13. Passed the House Committee on Government Operations and Elections on 2/22/2013. Passed the House on 3/7/2013. HJM 4001 scheduled for public hearing on March 26, 2013 in the Senate Governmental Operations Committee. Click here to read the text of the resolution. 

Wisconsin

AJR 121. Representatives Pocan and Taylor. Introduced on 2/29/2012. Resolution relating to amending the U.S. Constitution via congressional action or constitutional convention to establish that corporations are not entitled to constitutional rights of natural persons and that money is not speech. Referred to committee on Assembly Organization. Resolution did not pass. Click here to view the status of the resolution.